Amvrakia included a strong fortification enclosure of exceptionally elaborate construction. Its sections are now visible at the north end of the hill of the Metropolis and the Byzantine castle, near the church of St. Mark, Saint Theodoros and the Monastery of Faneromeni.
On Kastri hill between Ammotopou and Gymnotopou is a walled settlement that was identified with the ancient Orra. Impressive and rare is the preservation of the houses of Orsa, which are sometimes saved and the walls of the upper floor.
Temple of Apollonas
In 1964, in one of the first life-saving excavations in Arta, a large part of a monumental ancient temple came to light in a plot of land on Vassileos Pyrrou Street, in the center of the modern city.
The temple was located in the north-western part of Amvrakia, where its political, administrative and religious center was extended. It is a Doric temple booth with a pronaos and an elongated coat of arms, without an opisthodomos.
The temple probably brought an inner colonnade in front of its walls. The temple was in a holy mosque, a piece of public land devoted to the god, which was defined by a monumental enclosure. The identification of the temple with the most important sanctuary of Amvrakia, dedicated to the worship of Apollo Pythios Sotiras and known from the written sources, is due to an inscribed column, which was found in two sections on its enclosure. It is a pediment column with a monumental inscription, dating back to the 2nd c. BC, immediately after the Roman conquest of Epirus. In the epistle of the inscription, an oath is given to the gods for the faithful observance of the terms of the treaty, with particular emphasis on the invocation of the Savior, that is, Pythius Apollo, patron of Amvrakia.
Amvrakia’s Small Theater
The small theater of Amvrakia came to light in 1976 during excavations on a plot of land on Ag. Konstantinou, in the center of Arta This is the smallest of the ancient Greek theaters that have been identified to date in Greece and its identification is based on the testimony of Dionysios of Alikarnassyos, according to which “near the small theater of Amvrakia was also the sanctuary Aphrodite and Aeneas “.
The small theater was not built on a natural hill, as was the case in ancient Greek theaters, but on the foundations of the baths of the 4th c. as well as the foundations of the classical city buildings. Bathing facilities were revealed beneath the theater’s hollow and consisted of two circular plan views. They retained pebbled floors made of small white and black river gravel, featuring winged erotids, swans and dolphins. These mosaics have been unpacked and are currently in the Warehouses of the Arta Archaeological Museum. Finally, east of the Little Theater was revealed a rectangular ground plan, which was probably of a public character.
Southwest Amvrakia’s Cemetery
Along the road to Kommeno there is the southwestern cemetery of Amvrakia, which crossed a monumental avenue with elaborate funerary orchards on either side of it. The most important of these was the upper part of the inscription and was a public cenotaph.
Monument of Jewish
The Jewish Community of Arta was one of the oldest in Greece. The first information about this is drawn from the “Travelogue” of the rabbi traveler of Spain, Benjamin Ben Yonas, who traveled to Greece in 1173. In the “Journey” he says there were 100 Jewish families who developed admirable spiritual and religious activities. This activity was intensified at the time of “Despotate of Epirus”, during which Michael Komninos granted the Jews freedom to develop in the economic and cultural fields.
At the same time, the first Synagogue, Greka, was built, and the Jewish cemetery was set up at Petrovouni, on the hill of Peranthi, on an area of ten acres, which was granted by Saint Theodora, wife of Michail Komninos. The city’s Jews lived in the Otokos, Cement and Clocks districts in the center of the city.